Photos of Galaxies

Click on picture to enlarge



 
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M82 - "The Cigar Galaxy"

Not by best effort but this is the shot of M82, tweaked a tad. I’m obviously not perfectly
polar aligned as there is a bit of star trailing.

Taken Saturday, June 16, 2018

Rodger Forsyth
 
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M51

I used a Celestron Advanced AVX ( GEM mount) with a C6 Schmidt-Cassergrain  optical tube. 
It's 6 photos stacked in Registax6 and then processed in Lightroom .
Prime focus with a Canon T3i
30 sec images ISO 1600 
Polar aligned and then 4 additional stars for calibration.
  
Taken Saturday, May 26, 2018

Dixie Shilling
 
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I thought I would give M51, the Whirpool Galaxy a try. Taken with Mallincam Universe on Vixen VMC200L
riding the EQ6 Pro mount. This is a single shot, 1 min. 45 sec. with focal reducer and 3X3 binning.
M51 is 23 million light years away. 

Taken Tuesday, May 8 2018.

Rodger Forsyth
 
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Andromeda  - Not guided canon T3i 25 sec 3200iso AVX C6 with focal reducer 220 lights 32 dark 32 bias  

Taken by: Dixie shilling - Aug. 9, 2019
 
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2020-Apr 12 - B. Hardy - M87

Last night I was galaxy hunting in Virgo, Leo and Coma Berenices.  My first target was M87 in Virgo.  M87 
is a giant elliptical galaxy at magnitude 8.67.  It is 55 million light years away.  

You may recall that M87 was very much in the news last year.  At the heart of this galaxy is a supermassive 
black hole 6.5 billion solar masses.  It was the first black hole to be imaged.

Elliptical galaxies are the most massive galaxy type, but are not very impressive visually compared to spiral 
and irregular galaxies.  Giant elliptical galaxies like M87 can contain as many as a trillion stars and extend 
one million light years across.  By comparison, our Milky Way galaxy (one of the larger galaxies) has about 
300 billion stars and is about 150,000 light years in extent.  My goal last night was to try to capture the 
superluminal jet emanating from the black hole at M87's core.  

I was able to capture this giant jet using a MallinCam Sky Raider DS10C TEC camera attached to my 175 
mm TMB refractor at f/8.  This image is a stack of 30, 6 second images.  No post processing of any kind 
was applied.  This is a screen capture from the software controlling the camera.  

Zoom in to get the best view of the jet.  This jet extends at least 5,000 light years into space, although my 
image shows only a small portion of it.  Heber D. Curtis discovered the jet in 1918 from the Lick 
Observatory.  The jet is composed of gas ejected from the black hole.   

Taken by : Brett Hardy
Date : 2020-Apr 12
 
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Markarian's Chain

Telescope: astro-tech 80edt
Camera: nikon d5300 full-spectrum
Filter: idas lps d1 48mm
Mount: celestron avx

5 min x 49 (total 4 hr 5 min)
Processed in Pixinsight

Taken by : James Lee
 
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Leo Triplet

It was a bit of a challenge with a small telescope

Scope : Astro-tech at80edt
Camera : Nikon d5300 full-spectrum
Mount : Celestron avx

Process:
51 x 3 min subs
Processed in pixinsight

Taken by : James Lee
 
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Galaxies M81 and M82

I was telling Sean today that the other night (while comet hunting) I took pictures of Messier objects I could see and a 
few I couldn’t. The fact is, I grabbed images of 11 Messier Objects in the short time I was out (1 hour). That’s 10% of 
all the Messiers! The only two I couldn’t see are the two I am attaching here, as the Andromeda Galaxy (M31) is the 
only naked eye galaxy (in the northern hemisphere). The reason these two galaxies attached here are significant 
(M81 & 82) is because they were close in magnitude to the comet I was hunting this particular night (T2 Panstarrs) See image above. 

These galaxies are mag. 7.8 & 8.8 respectively. The comet was about 8.5 mag. Comparing these three objects you 
can sure see why Messier was interested in hunting them down and making his list. They all look like comets to me at 
this magnification!

Taken by : Rick Stankiewicz
Date : 2020-Mar 27
 
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Bear Paw Galaxy NGC2537

This image is NGC 2537 known as the Bear Paw Galaxy due to its peculiar form.  It is a face-on barred
spiral galaxy in Lynx.  It is magnitude + 12.3 and 22 million light years distant.

Its appearance is rather striking.  Zoom in to see why it is called the Bear Paw Galaxy.  The star forming 
regions give the appearance of a bear's paw.

Look closely and you will see a large number of other galaxies, looking like faint grey smudges or out of
focused stars.  The most obvious in IC 2233 to the lower right.  This is another barred spiral galaxy, but
with an edge-on orientation.  It is magnitude + 12.63 and 40 million light years away.

The image was also captured with a MallinCam DS10C TEC camera.  It is a stack of 30 images
(10 @ 5 seconds, 10 @ 9 seconds and 10 @ 15 seconds) all done within the capture software. No
post processing or filters were used.


Taken by : Brett Hardy
 
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2020-May 12 - B. Hardy - SN 2020jfo - Type II Supernova in M61

SN 2020jfo is a Type II supernova in M61.  It was first detected May 6th.  We took a look at it last night during the 
Zoom broadcast.  M61 is 40 million light years from Earth and the supernova is currently around  magnitude 14.2.  
Just think, this star exploded 40 million years ago and this light is just now reaching Earth, amazing!

The supernova is too dim to see in binoculars or in a telescope without camera aid.  In a very large amateur
telescope it may just be at the limit of visual detection.  With a camera at 12 seconds it is obvious.  I have attached 
a snap from last night.

Taken by : Brett Hardy
Date : May 12, 2020
 
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Super Nova (SN 2011dh)





approx 6 hrs 

LRGB 8 hrs digital processing 
June 19th 2011
Brian McGaffney
Occurence on M51 shown here in detail taken at the Nutwood Observatory.
Compared this to the image of M51 taken only a month before. This Super Nova was
of a yellow supergiant star, at 14 magnitude,  14-18 times our solar mass.  M51
is about 25 million light years from our galaxy.
 
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Pinwheel Galaxy M101 or NGC 5457 located in the constellation
Ursa Major (The Big Dipper). M101 is slightly larger than our 
galaxy with a size of about 170 thousand light years across. 
It is about 25 million light years away from us. It shines at 
about magnitude 9.0 and is visible with a good telescope. However 
to observe the detailed arm structures seen in my image, one 
requires a very large telescope. I was using a 17 inch Truss 
scope for this image.

As you can see by the image, M101 is an asymmetrical galaxy. Its 
spiral arms being forcefully bothered by adjacent neighbouring 
satellite galaxies. The soft pink hues situated in the arms of 
the spirals, are hot star forming regions and are rich in H II 
emissions. These regions were imaged here with the aid of other 
narrow band techniques.

Imaged by Brian McGaffney
 
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M31
Standard Nikon D80 DSLR
William Optics M110, 690mm focal length, f6.0
0.8 factor field flattener to yield an effective 552mm @ f4.8
Skywatcher EQ6 Pro German Equatorial with drive, polar aligned for photo
None
498 seconds (8.3 minutes)
1
Contrast enhanced with Photoshop Elements

Taken by: Harold Briggs

August 31, 2008
 
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Andromeda Galaxy with M32 and M101 Galaxy


Equipment:
Astro-Tech at80edt (80mm triplet refractor)
Astro-Tech x0.8 flattener/reducer
Celestron AVX
Nikon d5300 full-spectrum

SVBONY 60mm guide scope
QHY5-ii-m guide camera

IDAS lps d1 48mm (light pollution filter for RGB)
Baader 2" 7nm Ha filter
Baader 2" 8.5nm Oiii filter

Acquisition:
Used AstroPhotography Tool to capture
ISO 200, focal length 384mm, f/4.8
7 min x 23 (2 hr 41 min)

Processing:
Mostly used Pixinsight, rarely used Photoshop

Taken By : James Lee - Sep 2, 2019
 
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M31 taken over two nights at the Nutwood Observatory on 
Sept 5th and 6th, 2012.
 
Data, LRGB+Ha   12 hrs total.   Using a W.O. 132 with 
SBIG 6303e with Astrodon filters. Plus 20 hrs of digital 
development.
 
Piggy backed on an ME.
 
M31 plus M32 and M110 in the background.
 
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M51 – the whirlpool galaxy 23 million light years away

Shot with Mallincam Jr. Pro with MFR-5 focal reducer on a 
Mallincam VRC-6 6” RC optical tube mounted on the 
EQ6 Pro mount. M51 was a 30 second integration.

Short videos were captured then image created using RegiStax 6.

Taken by Rodger Forsyth
 
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M81

20 inch Truss Scope

ME

10 hrs.

20 hrs
March 2011
Brian McGaffney
Taken at the Nutwood Observatory March 2011. Part of the pair M81 and M82.
Perhaps the most perfect Spiral Galaxy in the night sky, thanks to close 
encounters with its neighbour M82 some 600 million years ago. It is a bright 
galaxy with magnitude of about 6.2.
 
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I was out looking and working on M82 
for a few nights (in the remote observatory. 
Any way, here is mine taken form the dome 
with a 14 inch astro graph using and 
apogee 4096x4096.

This is an HALRGB image taken basically 
Jan 29th to Jan 30th.

Brian McGaffney
 
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M82 (Cigar Galaxy). Hi Res close-up (24 meg) CCD image LLRGB (6,3,2,2) hrs. 
Taken at Nutwood Observatory April 2011.
f9 Ceravolo, ME mount, guided subs 20 min


Messier 82 (M82, NGC 3034) is a remarkable galaxy of peculiar type in constellation
Ursa Major. It is usually classified as irregular, though probably a distorted disk
galaxy, and famous for its heavy star-forming activity, thus a prototype member of 
the class of starbursting galaxies.

Forming a most conspicuous physical pair with its neighbor, M81 (THE showpiece 
galaxies for many Northern hemispherers), this galaxy is the prototype of an 
irregular of the second type, i.e. a "disk" irregular. Its core seems to have 
suffered dramatically from a semi-recent close encounter with M81, being in a 
heavy starburst and displaying conspicuous dark lanes. This turbulent explosive 
gas flow is also a strong source of radio noise, discovered by Henbury Brown in 
1953. The radio source was first called Ursa Major A (strongest radio source in UMa) 
and cataloged as 3C 231 in the Third Cambridge Catalogue of Radio Sources.

In the infrared light, M82 is the brightest galaxy in the sky; it exhibits a 
so-called infrared excess (it is much brighter at infrared wavelengths than in the 
visible part of the spectrum). This behaviour can also be observed for the companion 
of M51, NGC 5195, and the peculiar galaxy NGC 5128 (Centaurus A). The visual 
appearance is that of a silvery sliver, as John Mallas decribed it.

Recently, over 100 freshly-formed (young) globular clusters have been discovered 
with the Hubble Space Telescope. Their formation is probably another effect 
triggered by the encounter with M81. It was estimated that the most recent tidal 
encounter occurred between about 50 and several 100 million years ago: STScI's 
most recent number was 600 million years, when the 100-million-year-long period 
of heavier interaction began.

As a member of the M81 group, M82 is 12 million light years distant

Brian McGaffney
 
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Milky Way

DSLR Canon 40d. Each image was acquired thru an 18mm lens at 4.0 ISO 1600. The
mount used was an EQpro 6 on a pier tech 2 pier. Each image was 2 minutes
guided, a seperate set of 5 images were taken ,then stiched to-gether.

Brian McGaffney
 
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Our home in space - Milky Way.

Brian McGaffney
 
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NGC 6946 (Fireworks Galaxy) with Open Cluster NGC6939 and Barnard 150 Dark Nebula


Equipment:
Astro-Tech at80edt (80mm triplet refractor)
Astro-Tech x0.8 flattener/reducer
Celestron AVX
Nikon d5300 full-spectrum

SVBONY 60mm guide scope
QHY5-ii-m guide camera

IDAS lps d1 48mm (light pollution filter for RGB)
Baader 2" 7nm Ha filter
Baader 2" 8.5nm Oiii filter

Acquisition:
Used AstroPhotography Tool to capture
ISO 200, focal length 384mm, f/4.8
5 min x 58 (4 hr 50 min)

Processing:
Mostly used Pixinsight, rarely used Photoshop

Taken By : James Lee - Sep 4, 2019
 
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NGC7331_7318
 
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NGC 772 Spiral Galaxy

NGC 772 is a spiral galaxy, approximately 130 million light-years away,
in the constellation Aries. Below and slightly to the right, is the satellite
galaxy NGC 770, which is probably responsible for NGC 772's peculiar shape.

Also, there are a lot of dwarf galaxies visible in the immediate neighborhood
that may also be interacting with NGC 772.


Brian McGaffney - Nutwood Observatory
 
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Hi res close up of NGC 891.  One can zoom in 
on NGC 891 and look at some great detail of  
the edges of the galaxy.

Brian McGaffney
 
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NGC 4321 (M100) is a faint spiral galaxy and is part 
of the Virgo Cluster  located in Coma Berenices. 
NGC 4321 is around magnitude 10 and distance from earth 
about 65 million light years. The galaxy is a pure 
representation of what a spiral galaxy looks like. 
In the images attached, it shows many of the faint 
associated galaxy's associated with this object. The 
fainter object located in the image towards 2 o'clock is 
another distant spiral, and since in proximity to M100 
has some effect on its behaviour.

Imaging time for these photos was about 8 hours total 
taken by myself at the Nutwood Observatory last week.   
Image was guided and used an Apogee U16M liquid cooled 
CCD camera with a DK 300 MM Astrograph telescope. Acquistion
was done remotely .Processing was done using Pixinsight, 
MaxIm DLPro and PS Cs5.


Imaged by Brian McGaffney